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如何写调查报告  

2010-07-27 23:17:12|  分类: 远程英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【题型说明】

调查报告是针对某一现象、某一事件或某一问题进行深入细致的调查,对获得材料进行认真分析研究,发现本质特征和基本规律之后写成的书面报告。在英语书面表达训练中,我们经常会遇到这一类写作题,要求同学们根据调查结果,对某种现象进行分析并谈谈自己的看法,写一份调查报告。

【策略指导与解题技巧】

调查报告不是写日记,这个报告是写给别人看的。所以,同学们应该站在读者的角度去思考,如何把你所获得的信息表述清楚。你应该让读者明白你所做的调查工作是个什么样的工作,你为什么做这件事,你的结论是什么,你有什么样的感想。也就是说,写调查报告要写明调查的原因、调查过程、调查结果以及你得出的结论。

一般而言,同学们在遇到这一类题目的时候要从以下几个方面进行分析和写作。

首先,可以根据题目中所给的现象和问题做一些客观的介绍,通常使用的时态是一般现在时。这类题目一般会给出一个图表,列举一些数据或是一些事实。我们首先要描述这个图表中的信息。常见的写作方法有:①按调查的先后顺序逐点写;②按事物发展的阶段来写;③将两种事物进行对比,以显示其是非、优劣,找出其差异来写;④按调查对象的特点分门别类来写。

常用的句型有:

According to a survey…

I’ve made a survey and find that…

A recent study shows that…

As far as I know…

Some…while some…

其次,分析这些数据或事实反映出的问题。这部分不是调查报告的主体,通常用一两句话阐述就可以。但要做到“一针见血”,即观点提炼准确、鲜明。

最后,通常在文章的最后一段是阐述作者个人的看法和建议。常用的句型有:

I think…

In my opinion…

I hope…

I advise that …

【试题】

假如你是Tom,最近你对所在班级的60名同学进行了调查,看他们上网做什么。现在请根据调查结果用英语写一份调查报告。

注意:1. 报告应该包括表格所表示的全部内容,但不能单纯地列举数字。

      2. 叙述过程中要适当增加评语。

      3. 词数:80左右。

 

Things they do

Boys (30)

Girls (30)

Reading news

25%

20%

Sending e-mails

20%

12%

Chatting

10%

40%

Studying

10%

10%

Playing games

35%

18%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

【分析】

1. 题目要求“报告应该包括表格所表示的全部内容,但不能单纯地列举数字。”因此,同学们写作时不能只是按照表格顺序,把这些百分数一一列举出来,而是要通过分析这些数据之间的关系,揭示这些数据反应的问题。

2. 通过分析图表,我们可以得到以下信息:对60名同学进行的调查显示,女生最喜欢上网做的事是聊天,而多数男生喜欢打游戏。男生和女生都比较喜欢上网浏览新闻。但是利用网络学习的比率则相对较低。

3. 文章最后要对表格中数据反映的问题进行评论,阐述自己对这个问题的看法。

【范文】

I have recently made a survey among 30 boys and 30 girls in my class about their purposes of surfing the Internet. The girl’s favourite is chatting, but only a few boys like it. What the boys like to do most is playing games and about 18 percent of girls also like it. Both boys and girls like to read news or send e-mails on the Internet. Maybe they think it is the most convenient way to get information or keep in touch with friends. Only 10% of the boys use the Internet for stud, and so do the girls. That’s what we should care more about.

In my opinion, we can get a lot of information and fun from the Internet. It is good. But as we are students, study is our main task. Internet brings us a lot of useful study materials. We should make use of them well.

【应用举例1】

你们班想要开设一个英语角,你在同学中进行了调查,看看他们对于此事的看法。请根据下表,写一份调查报告。


同学的态度

理由

同意(70%)

1.       丰富课外生活,学到更多知识。

2.       加强和同学的交流,增进同学间的友谊。

3.       提高英语口语能力。

不同意(30%)

1.       有太多的作业要做,没有时间参加英语角。

2.       不能够用英语流利的表达自己的想法,所以不愿意开口讲英语。


Our English teacher wants to set up an English Corner. I made a survey to see how my classmates think about this. Most of them think it is a good idea, while 30% of them don’t.

Some students think the English Corner can make their school life more interesting. From talking with other students, they can learn something new and it helps to improve the friendship between classmates. What’s more, they can practice oral English at the English Corner.

But some students don’t think so. They say they have too much homework to do, and there is little time for the English Corner. Some of them are not good at expressing their own ideas in English, so they don’t want to speak English at all.

In my opinion, we should have such an English Corner. If we are not good at speaking English, we should practice more, not shy away the problem.

【应用举例2】

请根据一份学生现状调查表中列出的部分信息,以一名初三学生的身份写一份英语调查报告。


学生现状

负担过重的原因

每天在校时间

超过10个小时

1. 考试压力大

2. 作业过多

3. 家长期望值高

每天做作业上的时间

3~4小时

每天课外活动时间

几乎没有

每天睡眠时间

不足7小时


参考词汇:

压力  n. pressure

期望  n. expectation

【范文】

I am a student in Grade Nine. I’ve made a survey recently. It is about the present conditions of the students.

Every day we have to stay at school for more than 10 hours to have lessons and spend 3 to 4 hours doing our homework at home. We want to play and enjoy ourselves, but we don’t have enough time to do what we want. We have little time for sports, games or other school activities. What’s more, we don’t even have enough sleep. We can only sleep 7 hours every day at most.

There seem to be three reasons for this. First, the pressure from the exams. Second, too much homework and third, high expectations from the parents. We are expected to do our best to go to a good senior middle school. The pressure makes us awake at night!

【应用举例3】

开学初不少家长都希望孩子上各种各样的补习班,而学生则不愿意,双方各持己见。请你根据下面的一个调查表写一份调查报告,并谈谈你自己个人的建议。


家长的理由

学生的理由

1.       强化课堂所学知识。

2.       对薄弱的科目进行“补差”学习。

3.       多学一点知识,增强自身竞争力。

1. 需要更多的自习时间。

2. 花太多时间去上课,学习效率不高。

 


注意:1. 词数:80左右

      2. 参考词汇:补习班 n. cram school

【范文】

At the beginning of the new term, many parents ask their children to go to cram school. They say it can help them remember what they learn in class better. If their children are not good at some subjects, they should spend more time on it and maybe going to the cram school is the best choice. Some parents also think learning more knowledge is good for their children.

However, students have their own ideas. Staying at home, they will have more time to work at their lessons. They can arrange time more freely. What’s worse, spending too much time having classes may make them get tired and they can’t study efficiently.

I’m on the side of the students. We don’t need cram school. What we need to do is listening carefully to our teachers in class and doing more exercises of the subjects that we are not good at.

通过以上的讲解和范文,同学们应该能够了解如何写调查报告了吧。首先,可以根据题目中所给的现象和问题做一些客观的介绍,这一部分应尽量避免过多使用同一种句式。其次,要学会从题目中提取信息。最后,提出解决问题的方案。这样,调查报告的结构才算完整。平时同学们要在学习和生活中学会捕捉有用的信息,注意对这些信息进行思考,积累并加强写作技巧的训练,相信大家一定会写出精彩的调查报告

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