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麻省理工学院开放式课程的影响  

2010-01-11 10:45:22|  分类: 远程英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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MIT OpenCourseWare (MIT OCW) is a remarkable story of an institution rallying around an ideal, and then delivering on the promise of that ideal. It is an ideal that flows from the MIT Faculty's passionate belief in the MIT mission, based on the conviction that the open dissemination of knowledge and information can open new doors to the powerful benefits of education for humanity around the world.

In 1999, MIT Provost Robert A. Brown asked a committee of MIT faculty, students, and administrators to provide strategic guidance on how MIT should position itself in the distance/e-learning environment. The resulting recommendation -- the idea of MIT OCW -- is in line with MIT's mission (to advance knowledge and educate students in science, technology, and other areas of scholarship that will best serve the nation and the world in the 21st century) and is true to MIT's values of excellence, innovation, and leadership.

Today, MIT OCW is a large-scale, Web-based publication of the educational materials from the MIT faculty's courses. This unique initiative enables the open sharing of the MIT faculty's teaching materials with educators, enrolled students, and self-learners around the world. MIT OCW provides users with open access to the syllabi, lecture notes, course calendars, problem sets and solutions, exams, reading lists, even a selection of video lectures, from 1,100 MIT courses representing 34 academic disciplines and all five of MIT's schools. The initiative will include materials from 1800 courses by the year 2007.

Many people have contributed to the early success of the MIT OCW initiative, including the MIT OCW staff, our two advisory boards, and our many partners -- those here on MIT's campus and consultants off campus.

But most importantly, MIT OCW could not have published these courses, and will not succeed long-term, without the support of MIT's world-class faculty. Their remarkable dedication to education and MIT's mission is what will sustain MIT OCW long-term.

 
麻省理工学院开放式课程的影响 - auntynn - 小桥行舟
麻省理工学院开放式课程的影响 - auntynn - 小桥行舟

"The OCW staff handled the reformatting and thorny copyright issues, all I had to do was essentially walk them through the material and hand over files for the syllabus and slides. Some time later the site was up. A colleague at Wharton noted ‘nice course site, particularly considering that you didn’t need to do it yourself." - MIT Sloan School Professor Steven Eppinger Read more faculty thoughts…

Through the OpenCourseWare (MIT OCW) initiative, MIT makes its faculty's core teaching materials openly available for anyone, anywhere in the world with access to the Internet. We have found that, with 1,100 of MIT's classes available, the project is helping those it was designed to help -- educators, enrolled students, and self-learners around the world -- by providing a high-quality publication of MIT's core teaching materials.

What difference does it make? The MIT OCW evaluation team is studying how individuals' teaching and learning experiences change (if at all) through the use of the site, and we also want to understand what broader effects OCW may have. Early results have shown that:

  • MIT OCW users overwhelmingly are finding that OCW has, or will have, significant positive impact on both teaching and learning activities. Over 80% of all users report either positive impact or extremely positive impact, 18% report moderate or some positive impact and less than 2% reporting no positive impact.

  • Educators plan to reuse MIT OCW materials in their teaching activities. Over 97% of users who identified themselves as educators expressed satisfaction with the quality of the course materials published in MIT OCW. Over 47% have reused MIT OCW materials (or plan to), and 41% may reuse materials in the future.

In measuring long-term success, we find that the challenge for MIT and for educational institutions across our society lay in the second half of OCW's organizational mission: will other like-minded institutions begin to publish their educational materials freely and openly online? The hope is that one day, by sharing MIT's course materials, along with our experience thus far in developing the MIT OCW publication process, we will inspire other institutions to openly share their course materials, creating a worldwide web of knowledge that will benefit humanity.

While recognizing that people in the developing world - who may benefit most from the open sharing of knowledge - are hindered by a lack of Internet access and connectivity, we must not let this problem obscure our vision of the future, but rather, take it as a challenge: Can the decision-makers of the world's leading educational institutions use what we are doing on our campuses to improve the lives of people around the world? History has proved that education and discovery are best advanced when knowledge is shared openly. We believe the idea of opencourseware is an opportunity that we must seize during the next decade.

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